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Styles in interior design and architecture

In the world of design and architecture there are different types of design styles. Each style has evolved and been created as a result of changing trends, many times one can see how a particular style that has evolved draws inspiration from the original but adapts itself to its period.​ For the sake of interest in the modern style, one can see a great change that has been expressed over the years and has been inspired by the development of the industry, etc.  In this article we will review a number of home design styles and the elements that characterize each style.

The eclectic style -

According to the Ibn Shushan dictionary, the meaning of the word eclectic derives  From the word collection, collection from various sources.  Indeed the style is characterized by a combination of different design styles and draws inspiration from cultures and historical elements.  The style is characterized by a delicate combination of familiar design styles and produces a "mix and match" between old and new, the style uses pleasant colors and special items reminiscent of different cultures.

Characteristics of the eclectic style-

  • A combination of old and new, can be a connection between vintage objects and modern objects.

  • Because the style is laden with colors and textures usually the background will be neutral white.

  • Use of personal objects of sentimental value and their integration into the planning system.


  • Consolidation between a number of styles such as: industrial - ethnic, modern - vintage, etc.

  • Highlighting a unique item (colorful / item of sentimental value / artistic item / antique furniture / "jewelry" element) in the space around which it will be built using layers of textures, colors and design objects.


  • A twist in color or texture in an element associated with a particular style like upholstering vintage sofas in fabrics in modern textures.

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The modern style -   

The modern style we know today is born of the international style. Many confuse and call for the international style - Bauhaus, in fact the Bauhaus was a school of design and architecture founded in 1919 in Germany  By Walter Gropius.  

  The school was the birthplace of a revolution in modern design. The international style changed the perception in the world of design and formed the basis for modern styles 

Existing today such as: modern style classic, and modern industrial.

The modern design style is characterized by several important elements:

  • Use geometric shapes without over-decoration.


  • Game in Proportions - The Golden Section (The Golden Section: Yes   The ratio that represents many dimensions and sizes in nature  Whose very existence proves that the world is a planned act of creation. (From Wikipedia).


  • Minimalist combination of metal, plastic or glass.             

  • The beauty comes from the function - use.


  • Creating a clean overall look - emphasizing the truth of the material and color.


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Modern Industrial Style -   

The period of the Industrial Revolution began from the middle  Eighteenth century  And until the middle of the nineteenth century at that time they began to understand and get to know the aesthetics of the factories and workshops and to this day one can see how elements and elements from the world of industry enter the world of home design and architecture. The style is mainly characterized by the use of materials with an industrial look, an unfinished and unpretentious look, which gives the home space a rough atmosphere. The aesthetics of this style are based on exposing the building's heavy systems and bringing them out in the sense that they become an integral part of the design. In addition, extensive use can be seen in cladding authentic bricks from decomposition, coal bulbs, black metals, concrete floor in concrete bricks, metal pipes and profiles for diverse and creative uses. As is often the case, a combination of taps and utensils made of unconventional metals reminiscent of entire systems is seen.

Modern industrial design style  Characterized by several important elements:

  • Open and large spaces - lofts that have been converted from workshops and factories to living spaces, restaurants, etc.

  • Exposed systems such as electrical pipes, lighting, heating and more.

  • Surfaces made of prominent materials such as bricks, concrete, unprocessed plaster that give an exterior look.


  • Using elements from the world of the street and the outside and bringing them in as part of the design.

  • Use of objects borrowed from the world of heavy industry and craft.


  • The main materials used in urban design are metals of all kinds, concrete, glass and stone that create a meticulous look on the one hand but not effortless on the other.


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Scandinavian Nordic Style -   

The Scandinavian style is also perceived as a modern design style.  The style that has become very popular in recent years is considered a restrained, relaxed, clean and monochromatic style. It connects design, use, accessibility and aesthetics.

Scandinavian design began to develop between the two world wars, but gained recognition following an exhibition that traveled the United States and Canada in 1954 called “Scandinavian Design.”  The design is greatly influenced by the cold climate, and the need to congregate at home. The house becomes an integral part of the person because it also serves as an inviting social meeting place that replaces the cold exterior in addition  The style is greatly influenced by a modest and abundant culture, so in most cases a minimalist and effortless design is found. 

The design style connects to nature in form and materiality, and draws its inspiration from the simplicity of nature: rough and natural wood, the ant chair, wool rugs and more. 

The style is also characterized by the use of a monochromatic color scale (several shades of the same color) usually black and gray on a white background and subtle wood tones.

Scandinavian Nordic style  Characterized by several important elements:

  • The style will be "served" on top of a space in such a white background that will give a clean base to the elements that make up the entire space.

  • Choose a guiding color scale based on shades of gray, blue, white and wood.

  • Natural / white wood flooring (in our country, parquet ...) - a wooden floor will bring warmth to the entire space.


  • A combination of functional and modest furniture from natural materials such as wood, glass and metal, in order to emphasize the clean lines of the space.


  • Introducing Original Scandinavian Items in the Right Dose: The Ant Chair, The Egg Armchair (Arena Jacobsen)  And the Artichoke Lamp (Paul Henningson)


  • Soft textile items in light and black shades combined with interesting textures. ​​


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Rustic design style  -   

The country style originates from ancient buildings in the United States and Europe, the style is characterized by the use of basic natural materials such as wood, stone, rough textiles, and metals such as copper that have not undergone special processing so that their appearance remains rough and natural. The look creates a warm atmosphere in creamy white cream colors and unprocessed wood or in an old-fashioned look. The use of multiple fabric and textile pillows reinforces the warm and homely atmosphere that the style wants to convey. 

In kitchens the style is reflected in the multiplicity of developments on the kitchen doors, the color will usually be on the light gray color scale combined with wood or solid wood usually unprocessed and coarse, with all the ironing elements highlighted in a dark and antique look.  Exposing the utensils and serving utensils in the kitchen is very typical of the style, because it instills a natural rural atmosphere of work and craft, a place where most home life takes place.

In the bedroom there is a lot of light textiles, made of natural materials with combinations of competition and delicate ruffles, also in this room the wood enters in various shapes and finishes.

The rustic design style is characterized by several important elements:

  • Soft and pleasant colors on the beige white scale.


  • Using natural-looking materials like unprocessed, or polished wood, local stones and metals like copper.

  • Creating a warm and inviting look by combining several types of textiles in the space, such as multiple pillows, curtains and rugs in light colors and textures appropriate to the style  Combined with competition and delicate mumbles.

  • Adding frames and moldings on kitchen doors while adding antique-looking handles and fittings.

  • Highlighting and removing the tools and kitchen utensils from the cabinets and hanging them to serve as part of the design.

  • Use of decorative elements in an antique and old-fashioned look.

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The article was written by Basalt Architects, which gives lectures at Bezalel and the Israeli Construction Center.

(This article is a recommendation only and does not replace the full advice of all relevant professionals)

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